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They inhabit tropical rain forest, and lowland and mountain forests in western and Central Africa. A Better Experience. Bonobo vs chimpanzee. These are extraordinarily active, joyful little youngsters with a variety of games played both with eachother and with the adults in the troop. Well, when researchers sequenced the genome of the chimpanzee in 2005 and the bonobo in 2012, they found that they still share 99.6% of their DNA, while human beings share about 98.7% of our DNA with both chimps and bonobos, suggesting that something other than genetic makeup. Physical differences between chimps and bonobos are not obvious. Baboon facts, photos, videos and information - Baboons are very distinctive looking monkeys with long, dog-like snouts and close set eyes. The result is a society with very little violence, and where lethal aggression and infanticide - quite common in chimps and human beings, is virtually unheard of. Males are larger than females. One of the most fascinating bonobo facts is that the bonobo uses sexual contact to diffuse conflicts rather than resorting to violence. And she will use sexual contact in the form of genital touching, to win them over. Th… Females become sexually mature at the age of 13-14 years. Female bonobos even regularly lay with eachother in the missionary position and rub their genitals together, often quite energetically and joyfully. The females come to eachothers aid against aggressive males, stick together, and dominate by acting as a gang. Like most guys, we're not big fans of shopping. Bonobos are extremely social animals. Their entire population in the wild is unknown, but is believed to number between 30,000 and 50,000 individuals. Bonobos live in deep forest and swamplands in an unstable region of the world, so there was little study of them in the wild when they were first discovered. Young females leave their mothers and their troop at about 9 years of age to join another troop. Chimpanzees are a great ape along with gorillas, orangutans and bonobos. Mother takes care of the young bonobo between 3 and 6 years. Humans and bonobos share one thing that chimps do not possess - a pattern in the brain cells called spindle cells or Von Economo Neurons. They are also known to combine various leaves and plants to medicate themselves, and spend most of their time in trees. They are omnivorous, eating a large variety of fruits and plant stuffs, as well as small animals and fish. Fact: Humans and chimps share a common ancestor from about 4 million years ago. Facts about chimpanzees habitat. Closely resembling the chimpanzee in both physical appearance and mode of life, the bonobo is more slender, with longer limbs, a narrower chest, and a rounder head with a less-protruding face. 8 – Chimps have black hair all over most of their body, leaving just the face, palms of hands and soles of feet clear, and they are tailless. Like chimps, they will hunt together in groups, sneaking up on and cornering monkeys, reptiles and young antelope. Unlike male chimps who can be quite violent towards infants and juveniles, male bonobos rarely exhibit any aggression towards youngsters, and infanticide among bonobos has never been observed.- Bonobo Facts, African Animals facts photos and videos..Africa is a wonderland for animal lovers, and a schoolroom for anyone who wants to learn about nature, beauty and the rhythm of life. 21 Interesting Facts about Chimpanzees that will amaze you. Life in the group provides protection against predators. Bonobos are also known as ‘pygmy chimpanzees’, although the two species do overlap in size. Young female bonobos will leave their birth troop at about the time of their first monthly menstrual cycle, usually around 9 or 10 years old. The relationships that these non-related females form is very unique in the animal world, and is one of the other fascinating things we have in common with them. Here we describe the facts of bonobos in detail. The average size for a bonobo is about 3 1/2 feet tall and 65 to 80 pounds, although males can be as heavy as 150 pounds. Average lifespan of bonobo is 40 years in captivity. Chimpanzees represent one of our closest living relatives, sharing 98% of … If they don't, they may be on the receiving end of some of the only violent acts that occur in the bonobo community. Our closest cousins use their sexuality to ease a range of tensions. Chimpanzees and bonobos are two different species that separated about a million years ago when the Congo river was formed, geographically splitting the population. Baby bonobos live on breast milk for the first year or so, and then begin to sample a variety of foods. The bonobo is found only in lowland rainforests along the south bank of the Congo River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The fact is, the bonobo has a social structure that incorporates regular and very casual sexual contact between all members, that has nothing to do with reproduction. Bonobos don’t have their first baby until they are the age of 13. But they also have interesting sex lives. Female bonobos are forced from the group when they are old enough to reproduce. Bonobos are currently considered endangered, and may be extinct in the wild within 30 years if their situation does not improve. They have learned how to communicate in human languages, use tools, play music, and in one cas… They live in very cooperative and peaceful groups, known as troops, with as many as 70 members, but 15 to 30 is most common. Head-body length (from the nose to the rump while on all fours) ranges from 70 to 83 cm (28 to 33 in). This one country in Central Africa is where all wild bonobos live. Chimpanzees are one of four types of “great ape.” The great apes are: chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, and orangutans. regular and very casual sexual contact between all members, that has nothing to do with reproduction. Fights and disagreements are rarely seen in the wild. According to the latest analysis, around 10 000 bonobos are left in the wild. They also share 98.7%of their DNA with humans. In captivity, both species show high levels of capability when it comes to manipulating objects and using tools that have been demonstrated to them, even using computers, building campfires and playing video games. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is plagued by civil unrest, and the government is not currently able to protect the population from poaching and deforestation. Males can measure up to 1.2 m (4 ft) tall while standing and females up to 1 m (3.3 ft) tall. They also both lack hair on most of their faces, and the palms of their hands and feet. Chimpanzees continued to develop north of the river, and bonobos evolved to the south. Readers will also learn about the threats these creatures face, how they can help protect them and their habitats, and what the future holds for them. This fact, and the shear frequency of the sexual contact  caused the scientific community to keep details about the bonobo lifestyle a secret for decades, and wasn't openly discussed until the 1970's. But bonobos copulate face to face all the time. That doesn’t mean that we are descended from chimpanzees. One theory is that troops in the wild have more members so the grooming is spread around, but that idea does not stand up to simple logic - wouldn't more members mean more individuals not just to groom, but to be groomed by? They communicate using high-pitched barking sounds when they are gathered in a group. Humans and chimpanzees share 95 to 98 percent of the same DNA. The sexual contact among bonobos serves many purposes and is critical to their community. Many people in Religious and scientific circles have erroneously contended that human beings are alone in the pursuit of sexual activity purely for pleasure, and although many animals, (and birds) engage in what appears to be recreational sex, the bonobo snuffs that myth with abandon. What do you think of these fabulous animals? They do not leave their mother for the first three months of life, clinging tightly to her with hands and feet while being held against her chest. Chimpanzees are one of our closest relatives, sharing an estimated 98% of their genes with humans. Like many species of primates, bonobo's thumb is opposed to other fingers. The word "bonobo" may be a misspelling of the village of Bolobo, located in the heart of bonobo territory in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Male bonobos generally concede to females, wait for them to eat first, give up favorite sunning spots, simply move out of the way. Fun facts about chimpanzees that any visitor should know before embarking on a chimpanzee trekking tour in Rwanda.Chimpanzees are regarded as the close relatives to the human species, given the fact that they share about 95% to 98% of their DNA with human beings. Chimpanzees are great apes found across central and West Africa. The largest male chimps top 200 pounds, but overall, the size difference between the two species is not that significant, and in the mid 1950's the "pygmy" term was largely discarded and replaced with the name "bonobo". Besides chimpanzees, bonobo is one of the closest relatives of humans with 98% of similarity in its genetic material. The environment north of the Congo is more challenging, and chimpanzees have devised strategies to cope. Bonobos in the wild have demonstrated very limited tool use, and little if any tool making. Bonobos are more than a clothing line or a band; they are our closest cousins among the great apes. This species also has longer rear legs than chimps do, and … Bonobos in the wild generally have full heads of black hair parted oddly right down the middle, but in captivity many bonobos are bald. Bonobos shares a lot of similarities with chimpanzees. Groups of female bonobos will occasionally attack males, and have been known, in particular, to actually bite off their fingers or toes. Mothers and babies spend lots of time in little groups together, and baby bonobos play constantly with eachother. Either sex may initiate sexual activity. Bonobos are extremely expressive and will engage eachother with direct gazes that precede incidence of play and also sex, sort of like, "are you thinking what I'm thinking?". The southern landscape was rich in resources, a lush, tropical world, that may ultimately have required less adaptions for continued survival. Originally the bonobo was called the "pygmy chimpanzee", and is sometimes still referred to by that name. It also shows pictures of the animal that makes learning about it easy for everyone, including kids. More importantly for the present-day animal, it's nurturing environment may have allowed it to remain more peaceful, with less competition, and may have allowed the females to become the leaders and rule-makers. Just as we do. They are approximately 99% identical to us genetically. Bonobos have a matriarchal society where females dominate and make most of the decisions as far as group activities. She finds a new group and becomes a permanent member once she has given birth. This makes them our closest non-human relative. Bonobo is listed as endangered animal because of accelerated habitat loss, hunt and civil wars. They will join a new troop and gain acceptance from the dominant females through grooming, play, and sexual contact. 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