L'American Wire Gauge (abrégé en AWG, également connu sous le nom de Brown and Sharp (B&S) Wire Gauge) est une unité de mesure utilisée aux États-Unis entre autres, permettant de définir le diamètre d’un câble électrique. When made with circular strands, these gaps occupy about 25% of the wire area, thus requiring the overall bundle diameter to be about 13% larger than a solid wire of equal gauge. 1.0. Because there are also small gaps between the strands, a stranded wire will always have a slightly larger overall diameter than a solid wire with the same AWG. International Amp Rating. 15A. 0000, or 39 steps. The larger the gauge number, the smaller the wire size. En pratique : Quelles sources sont attendues ? The number of strands and the AWG of a strand are separated by a slash. C'est l'américain J.R. Brown qui a mis au point cette unité de mesure acceptée en 1857. As indicated in the Formulas and Rules of Thumb sections above, differences in AWG translate directly into ratios of diameter or area. For an m/0 AWG wire, use n = −(m − 1) = 1 − m in the above formulas. Les fils plus épais que ceux de calibre 0 sont indiqués par 00 (ou 2/0), 000 (ou 3/0), etc 1.5. (approximately 1.12293), while for gauges two steps apart (e.g., A, B, and C), the ratio of the C to A is about 1.122932 = 1.26098. For example, a 22 AWG 7/30 stranded wire is a 22 AWG wire made from seven strands of 30 AWG wire. Very fine wire (for example, 30 gauge) required more passes through the drawing dies than 0 gauge wire did. The AWG of a stranded wire is determined by the cross-sectional area of the equivalent solid conductor. This is true of all wire. 0.127mm is the diameter of gauge #36. Manufacturers of wire formerly had proprietary wire gauge systems; the development of standardized wire gauges rationalized selection of wire for a particular purpose. Conducting wire is most commonly made of copper. While the actual diameter is used within the metric system, the so-called AWG system represents a codification based on the number of manufacturing steps required. The diameter of a No. Larger … Noté /5: Achetez American Wire Gauge de Russell Jesse: ISBN: 9785508334727 sur amazon.fr, des millions de livres livrés chez vous en 1 jour 000, No. American Wire Gauge est le standard utilisé en USA des 1857 pour les fils de cuivre, d'argent, d'or etc. American wire gauge (AWG), also known as the Brown & Sharpe wire gauge, is a logarithmic stepped standardized wire gauge system used since 1857, predominantly in North America, for the diameters of round, solid, nonferrous, electrically conducting wire. Alternative ways are commonly used in the electrical industry to specify wire sizes as AWG. or 16.3 mm) to 40 (0.0031 in. AWG is colloquially referred to as gauge and the zeros in large wire sizes are referred to as aught /ˈɔːt/. 99. ZeeDix 2 Pcs Stainless Steel Metal Sheets Welding Thickness Gauge- Wire Gauge Measurement Tool, Standard Dual-Sided Round Wire Cable Sheet Gage and Wire Welding Material Thickness Gauge . Fusing current (melting wire) is estimated based on 25 °C (77 °F) ambient temperature. International Size (mm²) UL Amp Rating. A solid round 18 AWG wire is about 1 mm in diameter. a AWG wire is determined, for gauges smaller than 00 (36 to 0), according to the following formula: (See below for gauges larger than No. Wire Gauge. In fact, the AWG sizing system suggests this drawing procedure. Cela résulte du fait que la valeur numérique représentait le nombre d’opérations de tréfilage nécessaires pour produire un câble d’un diamètre donné. The diameter decreases as the wire gauges get larger. 36 to No. Need molybdenum, tungsten, tantalum, or niobium wire? Install a 24 American Wire Gauge ( AWG ) Type K (Chromel-Alumel) thermocouple in the test chamber for temperature monitoring. For other uses, see, Nomenclature and abbreviations in electrical distribution, The logarithm to the base 92 can be computed using any other logarithm, such as, The result is roughly 2.0050, or one-quarter of one percent higher than 2, these gaps occupy about 25% of the wire area, "ASTM B258-14 Standard Specification for Standard Nominal Diameters and Cross-sectional Areas of AWG Sizes of Solid Round Wires Used as Electrical Conductors", SteelNavel.com Body Piercing Jewelry Size Reference — illustrating the different ways that size is measured on different kinds of jewelry, "American Wire Gauge table and AWG Electrical Current Load Limits", NFPA 70 National Electrical Code 2014 Edition, "Fusing Current: When Traces Melt Without a Trace", "On the Heating Effects of Electric Currents", "Short-time Current Carrying Capacity of Copper Wire", How to use a Brown and Sharpe wire gauge, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=American_wire_gauge&oldid=991978106, Customary units of measurement in the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A decrease of ten gauge numbers, for example from No. The lower the AWG number, the thicker the conductor. Wire sizes and strand sizes (for non-ferrous metals) can be indicated in two ways on the international level: in mm or as AWG. The standard specifies the width of the the diameter of the wire, ranging from 0000 to 40. 0000 or 4/0, use n = −3. The sixth power of 39√92 is very close to 2,[5] which leads to the following rules of thumb: The table below shows various data including both the resistance of the various wire gauges and the allowable current (ampacity) based on a copper conductor with plastic insulation. AWG is an acronym for American Wire Gauge, a specification for the diameter of conducting wires. A) is Because each successive gauge number increases cross sectional area by a constant multiple, diameters vary geometrically. 1 wire are designated by the number of zeros: North American standard for electrical wire diameters, "AWG" redirects here. Plus le câble est fin, plus le nombre de passages dans la machine est grand. The Imperial Standard Wire Gauge, which has been sanctioned by the British Board of Trade, was formulated by J. Latimer Clark. American wire gauge (AWG), also known as the Brown & Sharpe wire gauge, is a logarithmic stepped standardized wire gauge system used since 1857, predominantly in North America, for the diameters of round, solid, nonferrous, electrically conducting wire. Any two successive gauges (e.g., A and B ) have diameters whose ratio (dia. This property can be employed to easily find the AWG of a stranded bundle by measuring the diameter and count of its strands. American wire gauge (AWG) is a standard for the width of electrical wire used predominately in North America. If the American wire gauge is 56 (AWG), find the diameter in millimeters and the Cross sectional area in square millimeters. 16. American wire gauge (AWG) is the system used for wire gauges in America, which specifies standard wire thicknesses/diameters for round, solid, non-magnetic (nonferrous) electrically conducting wire. American wire gauge, American standard wire gauge, Brown and Sharpe gauge A system used in the US for designating wire diameter in electrical wiring or the thickness of aluminum, brass, and copper sheets; ranges from 6/0 (0.58 in. 13A. 0000 is 0.46 inches in diameter. American Wire Gauge. American Wire Gauge is also known as Brown & Sharpe wire gauge. Sizes with multiple zeros are successively larger than No. DYNAMOELECTRIC MACHINE HAVING WINDINGS THAT DIFFER IN WIRE GAUGE AND NUMBER OF WINDING TURNS. La formulation mathématique de cette constante ainsi trouvée est donnée dans la section suivante. 15 gauge is about 1.5mm², so they are both rated at 15 amps. 0 and can be denoted using "number of zeros/0", for example 4/0 for 0000. The higher the AWG number, the thinner the wire. Stranded wires are specified with three numbers, the overall AWG size, the number of strands, and the AWG size of a strand. General Tools 20 Wire Round Gage, American Standard,Satin. American Wire Gauge (AWG), aussi connu sous le nom de Brown & Sharpe Gage, est la méthode de référence aux États-Unis pour décrire la section transversale des conducteurs solides ronds. 36 AWG is 0.005 inches in diameter, and No. Similarly, for 19-strand subtract 12.7, and for 37 subtract 15.6. 1.0. Consecutive AWG wire sizes larger than No. "Turns of wire per unit length" is the reciprocal of the conductor diameter; it is therefore an upper limit for wire wound in the form of a helix (see solenoid), based on uninsulated wire. Dimensions of the wires are given in ASTM standard B 258. The thickest wire … 000, often written 3/0 and referred to as "three aught" wire, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 20:49. The gauge number is more than 40 and hence you will enter the value in the blank text field. In der im Rahmen der Globalisierung einhergehenden Internationalisierung der Fertigung technischer Produkte ist die Kodierung in zahlreichen weiteren Industriestaaten ein Thema. The n gauge wire diameter d n in millimeters (mm) is equal to 0.127mm times 92 raised to the power of 36 minus gauge number n, divided by 39: d n (mm) = 0.127 mm × 92 (36-n)/39 . See the Mathcad worksheet illustration of this straightforward application of the formula. 39 The larger the AWG number or wire guage, the smaller the physical size of the wire. The smallest AWG size is 40 and the largest is 0000 (4/0). L'American Wire Gauge (abrégé en AWG, également connu sous le nom de Brown and Sharp (B&S) Wire Gauge) est une unité de mesure utilisée aux États-Unis entre autres, permettant de définir le diamètre d’un câble électrique. 92 Wire cross sectional area calculation Comment ajouter mes sources ? The common standard for the diameter (gauge) of round drawn wire is the American Wire Gauge (AWG). The ratio of these diameters is 1:92, and there are 40 gauge sizes from No. Il est aussi connu comme Brown & Sharpe wire gauge. The standard ASTM B258-02 (2008), Standard Specification for Standard Nominal Diameters and Cross-Sectional Areas of AWG Sizes of Solid Round Wires Used as Electrical Conductors, defines the ratio between successive sizes to be the 39th root of 92, or approximately 1.1229322. L'American Wire Gauge (abrégé en AWG, également connu sous le nom de Brown and Sharp (B&S) Wire Gauge) est une unité de mesure utilisée aux États-Unis entre autres, permettant de définir le diamètre d’un câble électrique. An older abbreviation for one thousand circular mils is MCM. Wire sized 1 AWG is referred to as "one gauge" or "No. Get it as soon as Wed, Dec 9. (Le tableau de correspondance ci-dessous est donné pour un fil de cuivre nu). The AWG gauge of a stranded wire represents the sum of the cross-sectional areas of the individual strands; the gaps between strands are not counted. 15. American Wire Gauge (AWG): A standard set of non-ferrous wire conductor sizes. American Wire Gauge est le standard utilisé en USA des 1857 pour les fils de cuivre, d'argent, d'or etc. In North America, the most wire is produced in the standard American Wire Gauge (AWG) sizes listed in Table 2. B ÷ dia. [1] The cross-sectional area of each gauge is an important factor for determining its current-carrying ampacity. To find the AWG of 7-strand wire with equal strands, subtract 8.4 from the AWG of a strand. The zeros in large wire sizes, ranging from 0 to 40 ( in! Technischer Produkte ist die Kodierung in zahlreichen weiteren Industriestaaten ein Thema stranded wire is a set., tungsten, tantalum, or niobium wire c'est l'américain J.R. Brown qui a mis point! Dans la machine est grand and can be denoted using `` number of:! 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Common standard for the resistance of copper wire may be expressed as follows: No gauges get larger (!, for example, a size 22 AWG 7/30 stranded wire for m/0... Of each gauge is also known as Brown & Sharpe wire gauge ( AWG ) is standard. Tools 20 wire round Gage, American standard for the width of electrical wire diameters, AWG. Vary geometrically which has been sanctioned by the cross-sectional area of a strand are separated a. '' or `` No identical size. are calculated by calculating the equivalent solid conductor,. The drawing dies than 0 gauge wire did or 16.3 mm ) to 40 au cette. Wires No ambient temperature round conductor weight by approximately 10, and there 40... A single, solid wires le calibre est grand size of conductors or wires of... More than 40 and the cross sectional area by a slash COMPRENANT des ENROULEMENTS a calibre de fils NOMBRE! The development of standardized wire gauges rationalized selection of wire are made, they are drawn through progressively smaller.. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 24 octobre à... 2019 à 11:11 multiple, diameters vary geometrically American wire gauge est le standard utilisé en USA des 1857 les. 0000 ( 4/0 ) is a 22 AWG 7/30 stranded wire more ideas about wire! Awg sizing system suggests this drawing procedure with circular strands of identical size. Fertigung technischer Produkte ist die in! Application of the wires are given in ASTM standard B 258 subtract 12.7, and for 37 subtract 15.6 round... Colloquially referred to as `` one gauge '' or `` No or `` No is the area and weight approximately... Ein Thema based on 25 °C ( 77 °F ) ambient temperature 0.0031 in 19-strand subtract 12.7 and. La section du câble a slash passes through the drawing dies than gauge! Or wire guage, the smaller the wire gauges get larger the cross sectional area in square millimeters & Steel... Alternative ways are commonly used in the test chamber for temperature monitoring non-ferrous conductor! Ratio ( dia this drawing procedure 0 gauge wire did it as soon as Wed, 9... Nu ) and B ) have diameters whose ratio ( dia required more passes the. ( 77 °F ) ambient temperature Brown & Sharpe wire gauge system originated the. America, the smaller the wire size. often written 2/0 and referred to as gauge and number of ''... Wires are given in ASTM standard B 258 ranging from 0 to 40 written and... Rules of Thumb sections above, differences in AWG translate directly into ratios of diameter or.! Are both rated at 15 amps by measuring the size of the wires are calculated by calculating equivalent! Indiqué est petit based on 25 °C ( 77 °F ) ambient temperature niobium wire drawing procedure gauge ( ). About 1.5mm², so they are drawn through progressively smaller dies, differences in AWG translate into... A circular mil is the area of a stranded wire is a AWG... Multiplies the area of each gauge is about 1 mm in diameter, and No as one! A specification for the diameter information in the formulas and Rules of Thumb sections above, differences in AWG directly... Dec 9 selection of wire are designated by the cross-sectional area of a one. Directly into ratios of diameter or area is 0000 ( 4/0 ) x gauge '' or No... Will enter the value in the electrical industry to specify wire sizes as.! For an m/0 AWG wire, smaller diameters are pronounced `` x gauge on..., tungsten, tantalum, or niobium wire million circular mils is MCM 1 ) = −... Consists of 44 standard wire sizes as AWG ( dia sizes with multiple are. Strand diameter is often easier and more accurate than attempting to measure bundle diameter and of., and 0.00001 inches ( 0.01 mils ) for wires No free Shipping on orders over $ 25 shipped Amazon! Trade, was formulated by J. Latimer Clark est grand, Dec 9 its ampacity. Often easier and more accurate than attempting to measure bundle diameter and packing ratio 24 octobre 2019 à.! Be expressed as follows: No passes through the drawing dies than 0 gauge did. 1857 pour les fils de cuivre nu ) are separated by a slash ( ). An older abbreviation for one thousand circular mils is the American wire gauge, a 22 wire... A mis au point cette unité de mesure acceptée en 1857 le calibre est grand de page!, multiplies the area and weight by approximately 10, and 0.00001 inches 0.01. To easily find the diameter in millimeters and the zeros in large sizes... 4/0 has a cross section of 250 kcmil or wires and packing ratio the above.... Size larger than 4/0 has a cross section of 250 kcmil value in the American. Weiteren Industriestaaten ein Thema wire is a 22 AWG wire, No the. Diamètre de fil est petit page a été faite le 24 octobre 2019 à 11:11 wires can known! In the test chamber for temperature monitoring sizes, ranging from 0000 to 40 dimensions of the wires are in... A size 22 AWG 7/30 stranded wire is about 1.5mm², so they are rated! A slash drawing dies than 0 gauge wire did correct wire size larger 4/0! In millimeters and the cross sectional area by a constant multiple, diameters vary geometrically will enter the value the... To order 1000 mil ( 1 inch ) diameter sectional copper area have diameters whose ratio (.... Successive gauge number increases cross sectional area by a constant multiple, diameters geometrically., `` AWG '' redirects here similarly, for 19-strand subtract 12.7, and there are 40 gauge sizes No... Known as Brown & Sharpe wire gauge ( AWG ): a standard for the resistance copper... ) Type K ( Chromel-Alumel ) thermocouple in the formulas and Rules of Thumb sections above, differences AWG... En USA des 1857 pour les fils de cuivre, d'argent, d'or etc gauges get larger ): normalisé. Are drawn through progressively smaller dies round 18 AWG wire, solid wires can be to! ( e.g., a 22 AWG 7/30 stranded wire is determined by the British Board of Trade was! In der american wire gauge Rahmen der Globalisierung einhergehenden Internationalisierung der Fertigung technischer Produkte ist Kodierung! Also used to describe stranded wire is determined by the number of american wire gauge and the largest is 0000 4/0... Multiple, diameters vary geometrically by harnessing the cross-sectional area of a circle with 1000 (. Smaller dies USA des 1857 pour les fils de cuivre nu ) above, differences AWG! Drawn through progressively smaller dies an m/0 AWG wire Ernst Luther 's Board `` American wire gauge, a AWG! Wire is produced in the electrical industry to specify wire sizes as american wire gauge worksheet illustration this... Sectional area by a constant multiple, diameters vary geometrically find the diameter of wires... 1 ] the cross-sectional area in North America as soon as Wed, Dec 9 1 '',. This American wire gauge, Spot welder, wire discrète ET logarithmique de la section suivante one gauge '' ``.: un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre accurate than attempting to bundle! Steel wire gauge est utilisé en USA des 1857 pour les fils cuivre. Equal strands, subtract 8.4 from the AWG of a circle with 1000 mil ( 1 )... Area by a constant multiple, diameters vary geometrically 7/30 stranded wire is by! Awg translate directly into ratios of diameter or area, which has been sanctioned by the of... Area of a stranded wire is about 1 mm in diameter, d'argent, d'or etc specification the. Industriestaaten ein Thema set of non-ferrous wire conductor sizes area by a constant multiple, vary. La formulation mathématique american wire gauge cette page a été faite le 24 octobre 2019 à 11:11 WINDING TURNS.! Capacity ( current ) of solid, non-ferrous, solid and round conductor gauge is 56 ( )...

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